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Press release16 February 2022European Anti-Fraud Office3 min read

OLAF helps smash fake medicine network in Poland

Pills of different colors and shapes
Photo by Volodymyr Hryshchenko on Unsplash

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The European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) has been providing support to Polish police authorities in a case involving fake medical products that has resulted in the arrest of 34 people.

The joint operation between OLAF and the Polish Police Central Bureau of Investigations (CBŚP), under the supervision of the District Prosecutor's Office in Poznań, resulted in the seizure of hundreds of thousands of counterfeit medical goods including medicine to treat erectile dysfunction, anabolic products and growth hormones, with an estimated value of at least 40 million zloty (almost €9 million).

During the investigation it emerged that, since 2018, a gang in the Poznań area had smuggled tens of tonnes of counterfeit medical products of the world's largest pharmaceutical companies from Asia (via other EU countries) to Poland. These products were then repackaged and sold online to customers across Europe. The money gained from this illegal activity was channelled into accounts by gang members in order to hide its origins.

OLAF added to the investigations carried out by the Polish CBŚP by reaching out to authorities beyond Poland’s borders and acting as an intelligence hub to help retrace the traffickers’ international route. This meant that OLAF investigators alerted and liaised  with colleagues at national level in a few other EU countries through which much of the fake materials travelled.

Ville Itälä, Director-General of OLAF, said: “Connecting the dots is one of the roles of OLAF investigators, and I am glad we could do that when colleagues in Poland informed us about the case they had ongoing. The Polish police seized hundreds of thousands of fake and dangerous medical products, which were due to be sold across Europe, and together we have damaged an effective criminal network. These actions safeguard citizens’ health as well as protect legitimate businesses. They are a timely reminder that fighting fraud also protects wider society. I look forward to that work continuing and reiterate that we at OLAF achieve our best results when we work collaboratively and closely with others.”

During the raids, officers also seized components for the production of drugs, over 2 kg of marijuana and 200 litres of counterfeit spirit.

More information can be found (in Polish) in the press release of the CBŚP.

OLAF mission, mandate and competences:
OLAF’s mission is to detect, investigate and stop fraud with EU funds.    

OLAF fulfils its mission by:
•    carrying out independent investigations into fraud and corruption involving EU funds, so as to ensure that all EU taxpayers’ money reaches projects that can create jobs and growth in Europe;
•    contributing to strengthening citizens’ trust in the EU Institutions by investigating serious misconduct by EU staff and members of the EU Institutions;
•    developing a sound EU anti-fraud policy.

In its independent investigative function, OLAF can investigate matters relating to fraud, corruption and other offences affecting the EU financial interests concerning:
•    all EU expenditure: the main spending categories are Structural Funds, agricultural policy and rural development funds, direct expenditure and external aid;
•    some areas of EU revenue, mainly customs duties;
•    suspicions of serious misconduct by EU staff and members of the EU institutions.

Once OLAF has completed its investigation, it is for the competent EU and national authorities to examine and decide on the follow-up of OLAF’s recommendations. All persons concerned are presumed to be innocent until proven guilty in a competent national or EU court of law.

For further details:

European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) 
Phone: +32(0)2 29-85549
Email: olaf-mediaatec [dot] europa [dot] eu (olaf-media[at]ec[dot]europa[dot]eu)
Twitter: @EUAntiFraud

Deputy Spokesperson
European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF)
Phone: +32(0)2 29-83128  
Email: olaf-mediaatec [dot] europa [dot] eu (olaf-media[at]ec[dot]europa[dot]eu)
Twitter: @EUAntiFraud

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Publication date
16 February 2022
European Anti-Fraud Office
News type
  • OLAF press release